with 2 1/2" base
The Parrot Kachina, or Kyash,
as he is called, has an obscure history whose purpose seems to
be one of bringing summer growth plus the increase of parrots.
-Kachinas: a Hopi Artist's Documenary
Interestingly, Wright continues
"there is apparently a complete break in the history of
the Parrot Kachina. His appearance on First Mesa before the turn
of the century is quite different from his appearance eighty
years later on Second Mesa.
Between these two personations
no dolls were made that were recognizable as the Parrot Kachina,
nor were any dances given as the paraphernalia was not available.
In 1965 a Parrot Dance was given as a regular dance for the first
time in several generations. Formerly it had been given in the
Water Serpent Ceremony on First Mesa.
Why the Hopi tradition includes
parrots is a matter of much speculation - however, many believe
that according to their oral history, the Hopi migrated from
South America many centuries ago. One legend tells of their arrival
in the Fourth World after crossing the "green deep."
Upon reaching the shoreline, these majestic birds flew out to
welcome them to their new home.
Their use in modern tradition
could be a remnant of an earlier era and custom. The existence
of evidence of some paraphernelia, as it has been described,
suggests that the Hopi did maintain open trade in the complex
network of the Anasazi which reached deep in the Meso America.
This fantastic piece is the
creation of Ronald Honyouti. Ronald has done an amazing job,
as always, with his oil paints - bringing the subtle and unique
features of the cottonwood to life.
Ronald's choice of hues and
tones contribute to the life-like realism of the piece. As a
master-carver, Ronald never misses a single detail. He pays such
meticulous attention that even the creases in the knuckles are
accounted for, along with fingernails, frays in the sash, and
folds in the leather moccasins.
Ronald Honyouti is a world
renowned artist who has lived most of his life on the Hopi reservation.
He was born on May 20, 1955 at nearby Keams Canyon hospital.
Ron began carving at the age of 12, shortly after becoming initiated
to the Kachina society.
Ronald attended the local
elementary schools until graduating from the eighth grade. Like
all other young adults his age, he had no choice but to leave
the reservation to attend high school. After graduating from
high school, Ron attended vocational training to be a motorcycle
mechanic. After completing his training Ronald returned home
to the village of Bacavi where he continued his carvings and
began experimenting with different types of paints to bring out
the essence of each piece of wood.
His father, Clyde, and older
brother Brian, gave him the aspiration to begin carving. The
one piece concept began when Clyde, who was a sheepherder, would
take a small piece of cottonwood and a simple knife with him
in the morning as he left for the day. During the day while the
sheep ate and rested, Clyde would begin his kachina carvings
and since he did not have access to any other materials he began
to carve the feathers, rattle's, drums, etc. as a part of the
whole piece. This began the practice of the one piece kachina
carvings made by Ronald and his brothers.
Brian, Ronald's oldest brother,
had already been carving one piece kachinas dolls and using oil
paints as opposed to acrylic paints. So naturally this concept
was shared with Ron who then began using oil paints. Oil paints
brought out the texture, grain and beauty of each piece of wood
they were working with. Also the paints made the carvings look
natural and realistic versus acrylic paints that seemed very
bright, bold and unnatural.
Ronald has won numerous awards
for his carvings. Several "Best of division", "Best
of Class", and "First Place" awards, from shows
such as the infamous "Santa Fe Indian Market" held
once a year in Santa Fe New Mexico in August and the Indian Ceremonials
held in Gallup, New Mexico, and the annual Hopi Show at the Museum
of Northern Arizona in Flagstaff.