H with 3/4" base
The Aholi & Eototo figures
are rarely carved because of their sacred natures. However, with
the demand by collectors increasing, more and more contemporary
and progressive artists are "pushing the envelope,"
by responding to that demand with new and unique works of art.
As highly spiritual figures,
the Eototo and Aholi represent the kachina chiefs, with the Aholi
representing the lieutenant. Dawa, or the Sunface kachina, also
appears presiding over them.
The Eototo represents the
Village Chief, and is called "father" as the chief
of all kachinas. He appears throughout the year and always leads
- placing cornmeal on the ground in the shape of a raincloud.
The Aholi follows and places the end of his stick in the cloud,
marking the spot for rain to come.
Occassionally these two are
carved seperately but here they are carved together on this sculpture.
True to form, the Eototo carries his bag of cornmeal, while Aholi
holds his staff.
The Sun Kachina (Dawa) is
a representation of the spirit of the Sun. He is very seldom
seen in public because the performance of the rituals is sacred
and secret...reserved only for specific clans or high priesthood
leaders. Although very popular among the carvers, he seldom appears
in the Kachina dances. The Sun Kachina radiates rays down to
the Earth giving it warmth and life.
The mask of the Sun Kachina
is a representation of the round face of the Sun. The lower half
of the face is blue with rectangular eyes, a triangle mouth and
vertical bars on each cheek. The top half of the mask is painted
half yellow and half red. Carved red horsehair hangs from his
forehead and drapes the mask.
According to Barton Wright,
"the Sun Kachina is ... on occasion called the Sun Shield
Kachina. He appears in a role very similar to that of the Nakiachop
or Talavai, standing to the side with a spruce tree in his left
hand and a bell in his right. Also, he may appear in a Mixed
Dance with the flute in his left hand that is associated with
him in many myths. He is not often personated."
- Kachinas: a Hopi Artist's Documentary
Even the Ha-hai-i Wuhti, or
Grandmother kachina, appears in traditional doll form, on the
back of the piece. All of these figures come together to round
out some of the most respected leaders and central figures in
Eugene began carving kachinas
full-time as an adult. He has developed a distinctive style that
features rich colors and shading on his figures.
His attention to detail is
shown not only in his exquisite carving, but also in the costume
and accouterments of the kachina. He has said that the Kachinas
reflect his Hopi heritage in two ways; first from the way that
they appear and also with their associated meanings.
Eugene feels that the Hopi
people are an intrinsically artistic culture. He typically signs
his kachinas on the bottom with crossed feathered arrows. Eugene
has a large extended family of carvers, including his brothers
Leon and Reginald Dallas.